Bhutan which is known as “The Land of Thunder Dragons” is a Buddhist country which is situated along the Himalayan range between China (Tibet) in the north and Indian Plain (India) in the south. Bhutan’s geography has influenced its history, culture and the life of its people. Its inaccessible mountainous terrain and thick forest growth has for centuries endowed it with an isolation from the outer world. At the same time, lack of contract with outside world has allowed it to evolve through centuries a distanct pattern of civilization, social and economic life, and religion and policital institutions. Bhutan has been isolated and long undiscovered with the snowcapped mountains for century and often described a realm of mystery. It is a Himalayan kingdom with a reputation for mystery and magic.
Bhutan with an area of 38,398 sq.km and very small in size and topography with a small population of about 720,679 people, the people enjoy a simple lifestyle. Roughly more than 80% of the population lives in small villages sparsely scattered over rugged mountainous terrains. Bhutan’s landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north. Bhutan’s state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism and Bhutan is predominantly Buddhist country.
The people of Bhutan have preserved their natural resources for decade and lived in balance with nature. The country is rich in forests, rivers and soil which is vital to survival in the high valleys of the Eastern Himalayas. The people have proctected its natural environment over centuries with nmoral, cultural and ecological boundaries. Bhutan has received international awards for its commitment for maintaining its biodiversity. Bhutan has more tha 60% of area under forest cover, like national parks, reserves and other proceted areas.
Geographlly, Bhutan can be conveniently divided into three distinct regions- Souther, Central and Northern. The sourthern unit comprises of the sub-himalayan foothills which is covered with tropical forests and foming a narrow belt with the Indio-Bhutanese borders.This region has sub-tropical monsoon climate with its annual rainfall excessive with hot and humid climate.Moist natural vegetation is abundant and hence the forest hills have plenty of rhinos, wild elephant, gaurs,sambars and other animals.
The central region which lies within the inner Himalayas consists of the higher mountaions forming watersheds between its principal rivers and narrow valleys.The climate in this region is modereate at lesser elevation in lower valleys but at higher elevation is extremely cold.
The northern region lies in the great Himalayas with high peaks along the Tibetain borders which some peaks with more than 23,997 ft. like Gangkar Puensum, Jomo Khari and Kulha Gangri.The north region are snow covered and barren, butalpine vegetation contains grassy ground which feeds yaks, cattle and sheep in summer. Birch, magnolia and rhododendron covers its mountain slopes and population in this region is sparse. More than 770 species of bird and 5,400 species of plants found throughout the country.
Facts & Figure
|Districts (Dzongkhag)||20 Districts|
|Area of the Country||38,394.sq. km|
|Altitude||In between 240 meters & 7541 meters above sea level|
|Language||“Dzongkha” is the official language, English is widely spoken|
|Religion||Mahayana Buddhism (Also known as Tantric Buddhism)|
|Currency||Nugltrum (Equal to Indian Rupee)|
|Country Dialing code||+975|
|Local time||Six hours ahead of GMT & ½ an hour of Indian Standard Time|