Bhutan’s early history is steeped in mythology and remains obscure. The name “ Bhutan” appears to derive from the Sanskrit word “ Bhotant” meaning the end of Tibet or high land. Around 7th century B.C, not much known prior to the introduction of Tibetain Buddhisim, when turmoil in Tibet forced monks to flee to Bhutan. And also the consolidation of Bhutan occure from 1616 when Zhabdrung Nagwang Namgyel defeated Tibetain invision and established himself as ruler over a systems and civil administrators.
The Zhabdrung Nagwang Namgyel divided the government into spiritual and secular. The Zahbdrung Rimpoche was the spiritual leader while a Desi ran the administration work.
The documentary history revals that Guru Padsambhava begins his journey to Bhutan from Tibet in 747 AD across the high mountains flying on tigress’s back and arrived at Paro Taktsang, now known as Tiger’s Nest. Guru Rimpoche is the founder of Nyingmapa school and then eventually Buddhisim started to spread through out the country.
Then in 1907, Ugyen Wangchuk was elected as first King of Bhutan by its people.Till when Bhutan became a democracy country in 2008, the country was ruled by the Wangchuck dynasty. The country has now the systems of constitutional monarchy.